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Posted: Jun 8, 2021 / 01:52 PM EDT / Updated: Jun 8, 2021 / 11:35 PM EDT
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Senate Majority Leader Chuông xã Schumer, D-N.Y., speaks to reporters at the Capitol in Washington. Schumer warned his Democratic colleagues that June will “chạy thử our resolve” as senators return Monday to consider infrastructure, voting rights & other priorities. Six months inkhổng lồ Democrats’ hold on Washington, the senators are under enormous pressure khổng lồ make gains on Democrats’ campaign promises. (AP.. Photo/J. Scott AppleTrắng, File)


WASHINGTON (AP) — The Senate overwhelmingly approved a bill Tuesday that aims khổng lồ boost U.S. semiconductor production and the development of artificial intelligence & other technology in the face of growing international competition, most notably from Trung Quốc.

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The 68-32 vote for the bill demonstrates how confronting Trung Quốc economically is an issue that unites both parties in Congress. That’s a rarity in an era of division as pressure grows on Democrats lớn change Senate rules lớn push past Republican opposition and gridlock.

The centerpiece of the bill is a $50 billion emergency allotment to the Commerce Department to st& up semiconductor development & manufacturing through research và incentive sầu programs previously authorized by Congress. The bill’s overall cost would increase spending by about $250 billion with most of the spending occurring in the first five years.

Supporters described it as the biggest investment in scientific retìm kiếm that the country has seen in decades. It comes as the nation’s nội dung of semiconductor manufacturing globally has steadily eroded from 37% in 1990 khổng lồ about 12% now, và as a chip shortage has exposed vulnerabilities in the U.S. supply chain.

“The premise is simple, if we want American workers and American companies khổng lồ keep leading the world, the federal government must invest in science, basic retìm kiếm & innovation, just as we did decades after the Second World War,” said Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y. “Whoever wins the race khổng lồ the technologies of the future is going lớn be the global economic leader with profound consequences for foreign policy & national security as well.”

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said the bill was incomplete because it did not incorporate more Republican-sponsored amendments. He nonetheless supported it.

“Needless to say, final passage of this legislation cannot be the Senate’s final word on our competition with Đài Loan Trung Quốc,” he said. “It certainly won’t be mine.”

President Joe Biden applauded the bill’s passage in a statement Tuesday evening, saying: “As other countries continue to lớn invest in their own retìm kiếm và development, we cannot risk falling behind. America must maintain its position as the most innovative và productive sầu nation on Earth.”

Senators slogged through days of debates & amendments leading up to Tuesday’s final vote. Schumer’s office said 18 Republican amendments will have sầu received votes as part of passage of the bill. It also said the Senate this year has already held as many roll Hotline votes on amendments than it did in the last Congress, when the Senate was under Republican control.

While the bill enjoys bipartisan support, a core group of GOP senators has reservations about its costs.

One of the bill’s provisions would create a new directorate focused on artificial intelligence & quantum science with the National Science Foundation. The bill would authorize up to $29 billion over five sầu years for the new branch within the foundation with an additional $52 billion for its programs.

Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., said Congress should be cutting the foundation’s budget, not increasing it. He called the agency “the king of wasteful spending.” The agency finances about a quarter of all federally supported research conducted by America’s colleges và universities.

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“The bill is nothing more than a big government response that will make our country weaker, not stronger,” Paul said.

But Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., noted that a greater federal investment in the physical sciences had been called for during the administration of President George W. Bush lớn ensure U.S. economic competitiveness.

“At the time, I’m pretty sure we thought we were in a traông chồng meet where our competitor was, oh, I don’t know, maybe half a lap behind us. I’m pretty sure now as the decade has moved on, we’re looking over our shoulder and realizing that the competition is gaining,” said Cantwell, the chairman of the Senate Commerce, Science & Transportation Committee.

The lead Republican on the committee also weighed in to lớn tư vấn the bill.

“This is an opportunity for the United States to strike a blow on behalf of answering the unfair competition that we are seeing from communist China,” said Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss.

Senators have tried to lớn strike a balance when calling attention to lớn China’s growing influence. They want to lớn avoid fanning divisive sầu anti-Asian rhetoric when hate crimes against Asian Americans have sầu spiked during the coronavirus pandemic.

Other measures spell out national security concerns và target money-laundering schemes or cyberattacks by entities on behalf of the Chinese government. There are also “buy America” provisions for infrastructure projects in the U.S.

Senators added provisions that reflect shifting attitudes toward China’s handling of the COVID-19 outbreak. One would prsự kiện federal money for the Wuhan Institute of Virology as fresh investigations proceed into lớn the origins of the vi khuẩn and possible connections to the lab’s retìm kiếm. The city registered some of the first coronavirut cases.

It’s unclear whether the measure will find tư vấn in the Democratic-led House, where the Science Committee is expected khổng lồ soon consider that chamber’s version. Rep. Ro Khanmãng cầu, D-Calif., who has been working with Schumer for two years on legislation that’s included in the bill, called it the biggest investment in science và công nghệ since the Apollo spaceflight program a half century ago.

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“I’m quite certain we will get a really good sản phẩm on the president’s desk,” Schumer said.

Biden said he looked forward lớn working with the House on the legislation, “& I look forward to signing it into lớn law as soon as possible.”


Chuyên mục: Tin Tức